Precision Metronome & Pitch generator

Posted in Sound generator, Metronome, on 2015-04-08

Circuit diagram:

Precision Metronome & Pitch generator

Parts:

  • R1__________1M 1/4W Resistor
  • R2_________22K 1/4W Resistor
  • R3__________6K8 1/4W Resistor
  • R4__________4K7 1/4W Resistor
  • R5_________47K 1/4W Resistor
  • R6________100K 1/4W Resistor
  • R7_________39K 1/4W Resistor
  • R8_________12K 1/4W Resistor
  • C1_________47pF 63V Ceramic Capacitor
  • C2_______2-22pF 63V Ceramic Trimmer
  • C3________470pF 63V Ceramic Capacitor
  • C4_________10pF 63V Ceramic Capacitor
  • C5________100nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C6________220nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C7_________22µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • D1-D15___1N4148 75V 150mA Diodes
  • IC1________4060 14 stage ripple counter and oscillator IC
  • IC2________4082 Dual 4 input AND gate IC
  • IC3________4520 Dual binary up-counter IC
  • IC4________4518 Dual BCD up-counter IC
  • IC5________4046 Micropower Phase-locked Loop IC
  • IC6________4040 12 stage ripple counter IC
  • Q1________BC337 45V 800mA NPN Transistor
  • XTAL______2.4576 MHz Miniature Quartz crystal
  • SW1__________BCD Miniature Thumbwheel Switch (units)
  • SW2__________BCD Miniature Thumbwheel Switch (tens)
  • SW3__________BCD Miniature Thumbwheel Switch (hundreds)
  • SW4_________SPST Slider Switch (On-off)
  • SW5_________SPDT Slider Switch (Metronome-Pitch)
  • SPKR_______8 Ohm, 50 mm. Loudspeaker
  • B1_________9V PP3 Battery Clip for 9V PP3 Battery

Circuit operation:

CMos IC1 and IC2B quad AND gate form a 2.4576 MHz crystal oscillator plus a 2400 times divider. IC3A provides further division by 16, delivering a 64 Hz stable frequency square wave. This frequency is multiplied (by means of Phase Locked Loop IC5, double decade divider IC4 and IC3B 4 bit binary divider) by the number set by three miniature BCD thumbwheel switches SW1, SW2 and SW3: units, tens and hundreds respectively. Connecting, by means of SW5, Q1 base to pin 2 of IC6, we obtain (after a 64 times division) the same frequency set by thumbwheel switches with quartz precision, and no need for a scale indicator. Volume regulation of the pitch generator is obtained trimming resistor R5. In the same way, with SW5 set to metronome, the small speaker reproduces the frequency set by thumbwheel switches but divided by 3840, thus obtaining beats per minute ratio.

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