Multi-Zone Transistor Alarm

Posted in Alarms and security, on 2015-07-24


This is a simple transistor-based burglar alarm circuit. Its features include automatic Exit and Entry delays - together with a timed Bell cut-off and Reset. It's designed to be used with the usual types of normally-closed input devices such as - magnetic-reed contacts - micro switches - foil tape - and PIRs. 

The basic alarm has an "Exit/Entry" zone and an "Instant" zone. This will be adequate in many situations. However - larger buildings are best divided into a number of smaller zones. The design allows you to Add As Many Zones As You Like to the basic system. They are "Instant Zones" - and may be triggered by both normally-open and normally-closed input devices. 

Schematic Diagram:

Circuit Diagram Of A Transistor Burglar Alarm


It's easy to use. Make sure that the green LED is lighting - then switch the alarm on using Sw1. You have about 30 seconds to leave the building. When you return and open the door - the Buzzer will sound. You have about 30 seconds to switch off the alarm. If you fail to do so - the Siren will sound. 

While at least one of the trigger switches remains open - the Siren will continue to sound. However - if the trigger circuits have been restored - the alarm will reset itself after about 10 minutes. Of course - you can turn the Siren off at any time by switching off the alarm. 

Because of manufacturing tolerances - the precise length of any delay depends on the characteristics of the actual components you've used in your circuit. But - to some degree - by altering the values of R2, R7 & R9 you can adjust the Exit, Entry and Reset times to suit your requirements. Increasing the values increases the time - and vice-versa. 

If you don't want the "Instant" zone - leave out D7, D8, D9, R12, R13, C8 and the Green LED. 

Veroboard Layout:

How To Build A Transistor Based Intruder Alarm Using Veroboard

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Source , Author: Ron J