Battery-powered Night Lamp

Posted in LED, on 2015-07-05

Circuit diagram:

Battery-powered Night Lamp

Parts:

  • R1,R2___________1M 1/4W Resistors
  • R3_____________47K 1/4W Resistor (optional: see Notes)
  • R4____________Photo resistor (any type, optional: see Notes)
  • C1____________100nF 63V Polyester Capacitor
  • C2____________220µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
  • D1______________LED Red 10mm. Ultra-bright (see Notes)
  • D2___________1N5819 40V 1A Schottky-barrier Diode (see Notes)
  • IC1____________7555 or TS555CN CMos Timer IC
  • B1_____________1.5V Battery (AA or AAA cell etc.)

Device purpose:

This circuit is usable as a Night Lamp when a wall mains socket is not available to plug-in an ever running small neon lamp device. In order to ensure minimum battery consumption, one 1.5V cell is used, and a simple voltage doubler drives a pulsating ultra-bright LED: current drawing is less than 500µA.

An optional Photo resistor will switch-off the circuit in daylight or when room lamps illuminate, allowing further current economy.
This device will run for about 3 months continuously on an ordinary AA sized cell or for around 6 months on an alkaline type cell but, adding the Photo resistor circuitry, running time will be doubled or, very likely, triplicated.

Circuit operation:

IC1 generates a square wave at about 4Hz frequency. C2 & D2 form a voltage doubler, necessary to raise the battery voltage to a peak value able to drive the LED.

Notes:

  • IC1 must be a CMos type: only these devices can safely operate at 1.5V supply or less.
  • If you are not needing Photo resistor operation, omit R3 & R4 and connect pin 4 of IC1 to positive supply.
  • Ordinary LEDs can be used, but light intensity will be poor.
  • An ordinary 1N4148 type diode can be used instead of the 1N5819 Schottky-barrier type diode, but LED intensity will be reduced due to the higher voltage drop.
  • Any Schottky-barrier type diode can be used in place of the 1N5819, e.g. the BAT46, rated @ 100V 150mA.

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