Battery Powered Burglar Alarm

Posted in Alarms and security, on 2015-04-17


This is a single zone alarm - with independently adjustable Exit, Entry and Siren Cut-Off timers. It will accommodate the usual types of normally-closed input devices - such as magnetic-reed contacts, foil tape and PIRs. 

When the alarm is activated - the Siren will sound for up to 20-minutes. Then it will switch off - and remain off. The alarm will not re-activate. 

If you wish - you can use a mains power supply. But the extremely low standby current makes battery power a realistic option. I've used a 9-volt supply in the drawing - but the circuit will work at anything from 5 to 15-volts. All you need do is select a Siren, Buzzer, and Relay to suit the voltage you're using. 

Schematic Diagram:

Circuit Diagram For A Battery- Powered One-Time-Only Alarm


The alarm is easy to operate. Sw1 can be any type of two-way switch. If the Buzzer sounds when you switch the alarm on - the normally-closed loop is open. Switch off again - and check the building for open doors or windows. If the Buzzer does not sound - the loop is intact. 

Depending on the setting of R3 - you have up to about a minute to leave the building. As you do so - the Buzzer will sound. When you close the door behind you - it should stop sounding. This confirms that the loop has been restored within the time allowed. 

When you return and open the door - the Buzzer will sound. Depending on the setting of R4 - you have up to about a minute to switch the alarm off. If you fail to do so - the Siren will sound. 

Depending on the setting of R5 - the Siren will sound for up to about 20-minutes. Then it will switch off - and remain off. Of course - you can stop the noise at any time by moving Sw1 to the "off" position. 

For this type of device - really precise times are not necessary. If you like - you can replace the pots with fixed resistors. For example - 2M2 resistors should give you exit and entry delays of about 30-seconds - and a Siren cut-off time of about 10-minutes. 

After the cut-off timer has switched the Siren off - the Buzzer will continue to sound. So when you return - if the Buzzer is sounding - you'll know that the alarm has been activated.

The Support Material for this alarm includes a photograph of the prototype - a parts list - a detailed circuit description - a step-by-step guide to construction - and more

Veroboard Layout:

How To Build A Battery-Powered Intruder Alarm Using Veroboard

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Source , Author: Ron J